In an education funding formula, the foundation amount is intended to represent the estimated cost of educating a general education student who does not have any additional learning needs.

The foundation in the ECS formula is $11,525 per student. Additionally, the foundation “incorporates” the State’s share of general special education funding, resulting in approximately 22% of the ECS foundation amount being attributable to special education.

Although based on past foundation amounts and not derived using verifiable Connecticut education spending data, $11,525 per student is within a range of reasonable foundation amounts when accounting for the inclusion of special education aid.