In an education funding formula, the foundation amount is intended to represent the estimated cost of educating a general education student who does not have any additional learning needs.

The foundation in the new ECS formula is $11,525 per student — the same amount per student as the most recent previous iteration of the ECS formula. Additionally, the foundation continues to “incorporate” the State’s share of general special education funding, resulting in approximately 22% of the ECS foundation amount being attributable to special education.

Although based on past foundation amounts and not derived using verifiable Connecticut education spending data, $11,525 per student is within a range of reasonable foundation amounts when accounting for the inclusion of special education aid.

The above foundation estimates are based on state-level expenditures, and are derived by calculating an average of total state per-pupil expenditures on core instructional cost categories for states performing well on the 2013 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). Expenditure data has been adjusted to Connecticut cost-of-living and inflation from 2013-2017.

Additionally, calculation of the relative performance of each state includes adjustments for factors such as poverty, English proficiency, race and ethnicity, and special education to ensure apples-to-apples comparisons between state performance levels.