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  • School Finance 101: An introduction to how public schools are funded in Connecticut

    This presentation from the Connecticut School Finance Project examines the state's school finance system as a whole and the challenges it presents. Included in the presentation is information about Connecticut's 11 school funding formulas, the state's varying property tax rates, and the funding and population disparities among school districts across the state.

  • General Fund Revenue Projections FY 2017 - FY 2020

    Revenue projections are necessary for Connecticut to craft budgets, plan long-term projects, and determine whether new revenue sources, spending cuts, or increased taxes are necessary. Predicting incoming tax receipts accurately relies upon correctly forecasting economic growth and market performance. Connecticut periodically revisits and revises its revenue projections to take new data into account; as such, these projections are subject to change. These visualizations show the differences in revenue projections from FY 2017 to FY 2020.

  • Impact of President Trump's Proposed Education Budget on Connecticut

    On Monday, May 22, President Donald J. Trump released details of his proposed budget for fiscal year 2018. Termed by the Trump administration as “A New Foundation for American Greatness,” the budget proposal includes a 13.5 percent, or $9.2 billion, cut to federal education spending in FY2018. The proposed cuts include reductions to federal programs and formula grants that support K-12 education, as well as cuts to higher education, including student loan programs. However, this document only examines proposed K-12 federal spending for FY2018. In total, the president’s proposed budget includes $31.9 million in cuts to federal support for K-12 education in Connecticut for FY2018.

  • UPDATED: Comparison and Analysis of School Funding Proposals (May 24)

    During the week of May 15, Governor Dannel Malloy, the General Assembly’s Democratic caucuses, the Senate Republican caucus, and the House Republican caucus, each released updated budget proposals for the FY 2018–FY 2019 biennium that take into consideration the final Consensus Revenue Estimates from the Governor’s Office of Policy and Management (OPM) and the General Assembly’s Office of Fiscal Analysis (OFA). In a follow-up to our release on May 2, we have updated our comparison table and analysis of how the various budget proposals, as well as two options for Proposed Senate Bill 2*, impact the Education Costing Sharing (ECS) formula and education funding.

  • Analysis of FY 2017 Connecticut Revenue Projections

    Revenue projections are inherently imprecise estimates. Predicting incoming tax receipts accurately relies upon correctly forecasting economic growth and market performance. Given the uncertainty surrounding these predictions, Connecticut periodically revisits and revises its revenue projections throughout the fiscal year to take new data into account. The graphs in this visualization show how the most recent revenue projections differ from the original budgeted amounts at the start of the fiscal year.

  • Comparison and Analysis of School Funding Proposals (May 2)

    In an effort to provide greater clarity and understanding about how different school finance proposals would impact funding for Connecticut’s public schools, the Connecticut School Finance Project has prepared two documents: a table comparing the components, total costs, and phase-in plans of the different school funding proposals, and an independent analysis providing state education funding estimates for fiscal year 2018 for each town and choice program under each school funding proposal.

  • State Revenues and Expenditures Across the Northeast

    How do Connecticut's revenues and expenditures compare to states across the northeast? The Connecticut School Finance Project has examined the revenues and expenditures of New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and Connecticut, and visualized the data to make it easier to access and understand. 

  • Analysis of Governor Malloy's Special Education Funding Proposal

    Governor Dannel Malloy’s budget proposal for the FY 2018–2019 biennium disentangles special education funding from the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant by reducing the ECS foundation amount by 22 percent, which is equal to the total amount of the ECS grant that Connecticut currently reports to the U.S. Department of Education is attributable to special education. The Connecticut School Finance Project has prepared an independent analysis examining these proposed changes and how they align with six key principles and practices all special education finance systems should follow, based on a comprehensive 50-state survey examining state special education finance models.

  • HUSKY A Compared to FRPL as a Proxy for Low-income Students

    In his budget proposal released on February 8, Governor Dannel Malloy included several changes to Connecticut's school finance system. Among the changes was a proposal to change the metric used to represent low-income students in the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula from eligibility for free and reduced price lunch (FRPL) to participation in HUSKY A (Connecticut’s children’s Medicaid program). To better understand what this proposed change would mean for school districts and their students, the Connecticut School Finance Project has put together a brief analysis comparing FRPL and HUSKY A as metrics for low-income students in a school funding formula.

  • Summary of Proposed Changes in Governor Malloy’s Connecticut State Department of Education Budget for the FY 2018-19 Biennium

    On February 8, Governor Dannel Malloy proposed his budget for the FY 2018–FY 2019 biennium. Included in this budget proposal were several major changes to the Connecticut State Department of Education's (CSDE) budget, and to the funding of education programs. In an effort to provide useful information for policymakers, educators, community leaders, and all individuals interested in public education in our state, the Connecticut School Finance Project has prepared an independent analysis examining these proposed changes and their budgetary impacts.