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  • Analysis of State Education Funding in Adopted Biennial Budget, FYs 2020-2021

    On Tuesday, June 4, the Connecticut General Assembly adopted a biennial state budget for fiscal years 2020 and 2021, which was sent to Governor Ned Lamont for his signature. Included in the biennial budget are several changes to state education funding, including changes to funding levels for the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant, schools of choice, and other education grants. The Connecticut School Finance Project has prepared two documents that offer a brief overview of the state education funding and school finance changes contained in the biennial state budget adopted by the General Assembly.

  • Connecticut's Designated High Schools and Endowed Academies

    There are a variety of types of public schools of choice in Connecticut, including magnet schools, career and technical high schools, vocational agricultural centers, and charter schools. Connecticut also has two additional school choice arrangements that are not as common: designated high schools and endowed academies. This policy briefing discusses both of these options and how they are a part of Connecticut’s public education landscape. Included in this policy briefing is information about the objective, the history, the administration, and the funding of designated high schools and endowed academies.

  • School Finance 101: An introduction to how public schools are funded in Connecticut

    This presentation from the Connecticut School Finance Project examines the state's school finance system as a whole and the challenges it presents. Included in the presentation is information about Connecticut's 11 school funding formulas, the state's varying property tax rates, and the funding and population disparities among school districts across the state.

  • FAQs: Fiscal Transparency Under ESSA

    This frequently asked questions document concerns the fiscal transparency requirements and regulations of the federal Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). ESSA is the reauthorization of the 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), which oversees the distribution of the bulk of federal education funding provided to increase educational opportunities for low-income students and to improve elementary and secondary schools and districts.

  • Analysis of State Education Funding Changes in Appropriations Committee's Proposed Budget for FYs 2020 and 2021

    On Tuesday, April 30, the leadership of the General Assembly’s Appropriations Committee introduced a biennial spending plan for fiscal years 2020 and 2021. The spending plan was adopted the same day by the Committee on a party line vote. Included in the Appropriations Committee’s spending plan are several changes to state education funding, including changes to funding levels for the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant, schools of choice, and other education grants. The Connecticut School Finance Project has prepared two documents that offer a brief overview of the state education funding contained in the Appropriations Committee's spending plan along with the biennial state budget proposed by Governor Ned Lamont in February 2019.

  • Connecticut's Agricultural Science and Technology Education (Vo-Ag) Program

    This policy briefing provides an overview of the regional Agricultural Science and Technology Education (also known as vocational agriculture, or Vo-Ag) program, including its history, objectives, administration, and sources of funding. The purpose of the Vo-Ag program is to serve students within a region of Connecticut by providing educational programs in the field of agriculture and occupations related to agriculture.

  • Updating How Connecticut Counts Low-income Students

    This one-pager concerns challenges with continuing to use eligibility for free and reduced price lunch (FRPL) as a proxy for counting low-income students as part of Connecticut's Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula. Additionally, this one-pager explains using direct certification as a replacement for FRPL for the purposes of the ECS formula.

  • Analysis of State Education Funding Changes in Governor Lamont's Proposed Biennial Budget for FYs 2020 and 2021

    On Wednesday, February 20, 2019, Governor Ned Lamont presented his biennial state budget proposal for fiscal years 2020 and 2021 to the Connecticut General Assembly. Included in this budget proposal were several changes to state education funding, including changes to funding levels for the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant, schools of choice, and other education grants. The Connecticut School Finance Project has prepared two documents that offer a brief overview of the state education funding contained in the governor’s biennial budget proposal.

  • Education Cost Sharing (ECS) Formula (INFOGRAPHIC)

    The Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula is the method the State of Connecticut has established to distribute approximately $2 billion in state education funding to local public school districts. In October 2017, the Connecticut General Assembly passed a new ECS formula as part of the state's biennial budget. This infographic provides a look into the various components of the new formula that is now being implemented.

  • FAQs: Minimum Budget Requirement

    This frequently asked questions document discusses Connecticut’s minimum budget requirement (MBR), which prohibits a town from budgeting less for education than it did in the previous year unless it meets specific exceptions. While the statute was modified in the fall of 2017 to provide greater flexibility for towns to reduce their education expenses under certain scenarios, recent disagreements between boards of education and municipalities highlight the need to revisit this issue.