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  • Updating How Connecticut Counts Low-income Students

    This one-pager concerns challenges with continuing to use eligibility for free and reduced price lunch (FRPL) as a proxy for counting low-income students as part of Connecticut's Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula. Additionally, this one-pager explains using direct certification as a replacement for FRPL for the purposes of the ECS formula.

  • School Finance 101: An introduction to how public schools are funded in Connecticut

    This presentation from the Connecticut School Finance Project examines the state's school finance system as a whole and the challenges it presents. Included in the presentation is information about Connecticut's 11 school funding formulas, the state's varying property tax rates, and the funding and population disparities among school districts across the state.

  • Analysis of State Education Funding Changes in Governor Lamont's Proposed Biennial Budget for FYs 2020 and 2021

    On Wednesday, February 20, 2019, Governor Ned Lamont presented his biennial state budget proposal for fiscal years 2020 and 2021 to the Connecticut General Assembly. Included in this budget proposal were several changes to state education funding, including changes to funding levels for the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant, schools of choice, and other education grants. The Connecticut School Finance Project has prepared two documents that offer a brief overview of the state education funding contained in the governor’s biennial budget proposal.

  • Education Cost Sharing (ECS) Formula (INFOGRAPHIC)

    The Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula is the method the State of Connecticut has established to distribute approximately $2 billion in state education funding to local public school districts. In October 2017, the Connecticut General Assembly passed a new ECS formula as part of the state's biennial budget. This infographic provides a look into the various components of the new formula that is now being implemented.

  • FAQs: Unified Education Funding Formula

    While the Connecticut General Assembly has taken steps toward equitably funding Connecticut’s public school students, Connecticut still faces several obstacles to implementing and maintaining a fully equitable school finance system. This frequently asked questions document looks at one of these obstacles: the lack of a consistent and uniform method for determining how much state support the State of Connecticut will provide for the education of students attending public schools.

  • History of School Finance in Connecticut

    The Connecticut School Finance Project has compiled a comprehensive history of changes to the state's school finance system. The history spans from 1927 to present day and highlights significant policy changes, court cases, task forces, and events that have shaped the way Connecticut funds its public schools.

  • School Finance Briefing Book for Statewide Office Candidates

    This candidate briefing book, which is meant to serve as an information guide to Connecticut’s school finance system, offers an overview of how public schools are funded in Connecticut, the school funding challenges the state faces, and some of the ways a more equitable and transparent system can be achieved.

  • FY 2019 Budget Changes to School Finance

    Brief presentation detailing the changes to state education funding for fiscal year 2019, made in the revised Connecticut state budget (Conn. Acts 18-81). Presentation includes information about the new Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula, which was passed as part of the original biennial state budget and will begin its implementation in FY 2019, as well as areas where the formula can be improved.

  • What's in the New ECS Formula?

    In October 2017, the Connecticut General Assembly passed a new Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula, which is scheduled to begin being implemented in fiscal year 2019. This one-pager compares the components of the new ECS formula to those of most recent formula, which the General Assembly stopped faithfully using to distribute state education aid at the beginning of the 2013-14 school year.

  • Analysis of FY 2019 State Education Funding in Bipartisan Budget Adjustment Agreement

    On Wednesday, May 9, the Connect General Assembly passed a bipartisan budget adjustment agreement (Senate Bill 543), which made revisions to the state’s biennial budget that was signed into law in October 2017. With the passage of S.B. 543, the Connecticut School Finance Project has updated two documents that offer a brief overview of the state education funding contained in the FY 2019 bipartisan budget adjustment agreement.