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  • Analysis of State Education Funding Changes in Governor's Proposed FY 2019 Budget Adjustments

    On February 5, 2018, Connecticut Governor Dannel Malloy released his recommended budget adjustments for fiscal year 2019. Included in this budget proposal were several changes to state education funding, including changes to funding levels for the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant, schools of choice, and other education grants. The Connecticut School Finance Project has prepared two documents that offer a brief overview of the governor’s proposed budget adjustments for FY 2019, and compare the proposed adjustments to the biennial state budget that was signed into law in October 2017.

  • History of School Finance in Connecticut

    The Connecticut School Finance Project has compiled a comprehensive history of changes to the state's school finance system. The history spans from 1927 to present day and highlights significant policy changes, court cases, task forces, and events that have shaped the way Connecticut funds its public schools.

  • Connecticut State Education Grants

    In the adopted fiscal year 2017-18 Connecticut State Department of Education (CSDE) budget of $2.93 billion, approximately $2.90 billion (or 99 percent) can be categorized as grants. Almost 70 percent of the CSDE grants are for the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant. The remainder of the grants can be categorized as grants to: towns (excluding the ECS grant), public schools of choice, entities that are not towns, and other programs (Other Current Expenses). This report details these grants and compares their FY 2016-17 actual expenditures with the their budget appropriations for FY 2017-18.

  • Comparing Connecticut's School Construction Program

    In Connecticut, the cost per square foot for school construction, adjusted for inflation, increased 64 percent between 2000 and 2012. This report examines the costs, processes, and state funding associated with school construction in Connecticut and its peer states. The report also examines legislative changes made in 2017 to Connecticut's school construction grant program.

  • School Finance 101: An introduction to how public schools are funded in Connecticut

    This presentation from the Connecticut School Finance Project examines the state's school finance system as a whole and the challenges it presents. Included in the presentation is information about Connecticut's 11 school funding formulas, the state's varying property tax rates, and the funding and population disparities among school districts across the state.

  • An Update on Connecticut Education Spending Transparency

    Two pieces of legislation, Conn. Acts 12-116, passed by the Connecticut General Assembly in 2012, and the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), passed by the U.S. Congress in 2015, require Connecticut to take steps toward greater transparency in education spending. The following policy brief provides an update on the implementation status of these pieces of legislation, and examines how they impact transparency in school finance.

  • Analysis of the Impact of Budget Holdbacks on State Education Funding

    On Friday, November 17, Governor Dannel Malloy announced budgetary “holdbacks” — or cuts —that impact state education funding for school districts and towns across Connecticut. Among the reductions to state education funding included in the holdbacks announced by the governor last week are a $58 million cut to the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant, a $3.6 million cut to the Excess Cost grant, and an $18.5 million cut to the State Magnet School grant. In response to these latest reductions, the Connecticut School Finance Project created an independent analysis detailing state education funding for fiscal year 2018. Included in the analysis is a town-by-town list of estimated fiscal year 2018 ECS grants, as well as a town-by-town list of total estimated state education funding for fiscal year 2018.

  • Summary of the FY 2018 and FY 2019 Budget for the Connecticut State Department of Education

    This document summarizes how the State of Connecticut’s biennial budget for fiscal years 2018 and 2019 impacts funding for the Connecticut State Department of Education (CSDE). For FY 2018, the CSDE budget is $2.93 billion, $60 million (two percent) less than the department’s FY 2017 revised appropriation. In FY 2019, the CSDE budget is raised by $38 million to $2.97 billion — a decrease of about $23 million (0.75 percent) compared to the department’s FY 2017 revised appropriation.

  • What's in the New ECS Formula?

    In October 2017, the Connecticut General Assembly passed a new Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula, which is scheduled to begin being implemented in fiscal year 2019. This one-pager compares the components of the new ECS formula to those of most recent formula, which the General Assembly stopped faithfully using to distribute state education aid at the beginning of the 2013-14 school year.

  • FY 2018/2019 Budget Changes to School Finance

    Brief presentation detailing the changes made to state education funding in the Connecticut biennial budget for fiscal years 2018 and 2019. Presentation includes information about the new Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula, passed as part of the budget, as well as areas where the formula can be improved.