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  • School Finance 101: An introduction to how public schools are funded in Connecticut

    This presentation from the Connecticut School Finance Project examines the state's school finance system as a whole and the challenges it presents. Included in the presentation is information about Connecticut's 11 school funding formulas, the state's varying property tax rates, and the funding and population disparities among school districts across the state.

  • Analysis of State Education Funding Changes in Appropriations Committee's Proposed Budget for FYs 2020 and 2021

    On Tuesday, April 30, the leadership of the General Assembly’s Appropriations Committee introduced a biennial spending plan for fiscal years 2020 and 2021. The spending plan was adopted the same day by the Committee on a party line vote. Included in the Appropriations Committee’s spending plan are several changes to state education funding, including changes to funding levels for the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant, schools of choice, and other education grants. The Connecticut School Finance Project has prepared two documents that offer a brief overview of the state education funding contained in the Appropriations Committee's spending plan along with the biennial state budget proposed by Governor Ned Lamont in February 2019.

  • Governor Lamont's Proposed Municipal TRS Contributions

    Governor Ned Lamont’s proposed biennial state budget for fiscal years 2020 and 2021 contains municipal contributions to the Connecticut Teachers’ Retirement System (TRS), which has traditionally been funded by the State of Connecticut and contributions from teachers. This document details how these municipal contributions to the TRS are calculated, and provides example calculations of the FY 2020 municipal contribution. A model of these calculations from the State of Connecticut's Office of Policy and Management is also available, as well as interactive visualizations detailing the different components of the proposed municipal contributions.

  • Updating How Connecticut Counts Low-income Students

    This one-pager concerns challenges with continuing to use eligibility for free and reduced price lunch (FRPL) as a proxy for counting low-income students as part of Connecticut's Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula. Additionally, this one-pager explains using direct certification as a replacement for FRPL for the purposes of the ECS formula.

  • Analysis of State Education Funding Changes in Governor Lamont's Proposed Biennial Budget for FYs 2020 and 2021

    On Wednesday, February 20, 2019, Governor Ned Lamont presented his biennial state budget proposal for fiscal years 2020 and 2021 to the Connecticut General Assembly. Included in this budget proposal were several changes to state education funding, including changes to funding levels for the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant, schools of choice, and other education grants. The Connecticut School Finance Project has prepared two documents that offer a brief overview of the state education funding contained in the governor’s biennial budget proposal.

  • Education Cost Sharing (ECS) Formula (INFOGRAPHIC)

    The Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula is the method the State of Connecticut has established to distribute approximately $2 billion in state education funding to local public school districts. In October 2017, the Connecticut General Assembly passed a new ECS formula as part of the state's biennial budget. This infographic provides a look into the various components of the new formula that is now being implemented.

  • FAQs: Unified Education Funding Formula

    While the Connecticut General Assembly has taken steps toward equitably funding Connecticut’s public school students, Connecticut still faces several obstacles to implementing and maintaining a fully equitable school finance system. This frequently asked questions document looks at one of these obstacles: the lack of a consistent and uniform method for determining how much state support the State of Connecticut will provide for the education of students attending public schools.

  • Guide to Connecticut's Magnet Schools

    This report from the Connecticut School Finance Project examines the administration, funding, and history of Connecticut's interdistrict and intradistrict magnet schools. Included in this report are answers to frequently asked questions, a timeline of significant moments in the history of magnet schools in Connecticut, and information about magnet school enrollment and sending district tuition.

  • Mismatch Between Funding & Student Needs in Connecticut

    Originally released in 2015 and then updated in November 2018, this policy briefing examines the mismatch between public school funding and the learning needs of Connecticut students. The policy briefing finds that the mismatch is the result of several contributing factors and Connecticut’s overall school finance system. While the Connecticut General Assembly took significant steps toward fixing the ECS formula during the 2017 legislative special session, work still needs to be done to ensure all students, regardless of need, receive equitable funding and have the same opportunities to succeed in Connecticut’s public schools.

  • History of School Finance in Connecticut

    The Connecticut School Finance Project has compiled a comprehensive history of changes to the state's school finance system. The history spans from 1927 to present day and highlights significant policy changes, court cases, task forces, and events that have shaped the way Connecticut funds its public schools.