Our Reports

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  • Review of the Research on District & School Consolidation

    This literature review examines the academic research related to school district consolidation and school consolidation and looks at the financial and academic costs and benefits associated with district or school consolidation. Included in this review are 40 articles related to school district size, consolidation, and other types of school district regionalization, and 18 articles related to school consolidation, school size, and school closure.

  • Analysis of State Education Funding Changes in Governor Lamont's Proposed Biennial Budget for FYs 2020 and 2021

    On Wednesday, February 20, 2019, Governor Ned Lamont presented his biennial state budget proposal for fiscal years 2020 and 2021 to the Connecticut General Assembly. Included in this budget proposal were several changes to state education funding, including changes to funding levels for the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant, schools of choice, and other education grants. The Connecticut School Finance Project has prepared two documents that offer a brief overview of the state education funding contained in the governor’s biennial budget proposal.

  • Education Cost Sharing (ECS) Formula (INFOGRAPHIC)

    The Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula is the method the State of Connecticut has established to distribute approximately $2 billion in state education funding to local public school districts. In October 2017, the Connecticut General Assembly passed a new ECS formula as part of the state's biennial budget. This infographic provides a look into the various components of the new formula that is now being implemented.

  • FAQs: Minimum Budget Requirement

    This frequently asked questions document discusses Connecticut’s minimum budget requirement (MBR), which prohibits a town from budgeting less for education than it did in the previous year unless it meets specific exceptions. While the statute was modified in the fall of 2017 to provide greater flexibility for towns to reduce their education expenses under certain scenarios, recent disagreements between boards of education and municipalities highlight the need to revisit this issue.

  • Introduction to Charter Schools in Connecticut

    This policy briefing provides an overview of charter schools in Connecticut, including the background and history of Connecticut's charter schools, the state oversight and regulations for charter schools, and the distribution of state education dollars to charter schools.

  • FAQs: Fiscally Independent School Districts

    This frequently asked questions document discusses fiscally independent school districts and the structural differences between school districts that are fiscally independent and those, like the vast majority of Connecticut's school districts, that are fiscally dependent.

  • FAQs: Unified Education Funding Formula

    While the Connecticut General Assembly has taken steps toward equitably funding Connecticut’s public school students, Connecticut still faces several obstacles to implementing and maintaining a fully equitable school finance system. This frequently asked questions document looks at one of these obstacles: the lack of a consistent and uniform method for determining how much state support the State of Connecticut will provide for the education of students attending public schools.

  • Guide to Connecticut's Magnet Schools

    This report from the Connecticut School Finance Project examines the administration, funding, and history of Connecticut's interdistrict and intradistrict magnet schools. Included in this report are answers to frequently asked questions, a timeline of significant moments in the history of magnet schools in Connecticut, and information about magnet school enrollment and sending district tuition.

  • Mismatch Between Funding & Student Needs in Connecticut

    Originally released in 2015 and then updated in November 2018, this policy briefing examines the mismatch between public school funding and the learning needs of Connecticut students. The policy briefing finds that the mismatch is the result of several contributing factors and Connecticut’s overall school finance system. While the Connecticut General Assembly took significant steps toward fixing the ECS formula during the 2017 legislative special session, work still needs to be done to ensure all students, regardless of need, receive equitable funding and have the same opportunities to succeed in Connecticut’s public schools.

  • History of School Finance in Connecticut

    The Connecticut School Finance Project has compiled a comprehensive history of changes to the state's school finance system. The history spans from 1927 to present day and highlights significant policy changes, court cases, task forces, and events that have shaped the way Connecticut funds its public schools.