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  • Making Sense of State School Funding Policy

    This report from the Urban Institute provides a overview of state school funding policy and identifies several themes that stand out when analysis school finance policy across the country.

  • How has education funding changed over time?

    This feature article from the Urban Institute allows users to explore how local, state, and federal education funding have changed over the past two decades. The tool looks at the "level of school district funding over time and at the changes in funding progressivity, or how much more is spent on educating low-income students relative to nonpoor students." In its analysis, the Urban Institute found that "[t]hough education funding has generally increased since the 1990s, overall progressivity has largely been flat, and states vary widely in how much money they spend on education and how they distribute that money."

  • School Funding: Do Poor Kids Get Their Fair Share?

    This feature article from the Urban Institute examines how states are using school finance formulas to allocate additional state dollars to low-income students who research has shown need additional resources to learn at similar levels to their non-need peers. The Urban Institute feature asks the question "Where is education funding progressive?" and looks at state, local, and federal funding to determine whether or not a state's school finance system is progressive, meaning most of the state's education aid is going to low-income students. This question is expanded upon in an Urban Institute brief from May 2017 titled Do Poor Kids Get Their Fair Share of School Funding?

  • Do Poor Kids Get Their Fair Share of School Funding?

    In this May 2017 report, the Urban Institute presents new data on the progressivity of school district funding, focusing on the degree to which the average low-income student attends districts that are better funded than districts the average nonpoor student attends. The report finds that many states that have progressive funding formulas on paper do not achieve this goal in practice, and that, in some states, the potential progressivity of school funding is constrained by patterns of student sorting by income.

  • Issue Brief: CCJEF v. Rell Court Decision

    This issue brief from the Connecticut General Assembly's Office of Legislative Research summarizes Connecticut Superior Court Judge Thomas Moukawsher's September 7, 2016 ruling in Connecticut Coalition for Justice in Education Funding (CCJEF) v. Rell. The issue brief details the case's history along with Judge Moukawsher's findings.

  • Issue Brief: Education Cost Sharing Grant Formula

    This issue brief from the Connecticut General Assembly's Office of Legislative Research examines the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant, its legislative history, and its basic structure.

  • Is School Funding Fair? A National Report Card

    Is School Funding Fair? A National Report Card is an annual examination of school funding fairness. Currently in its sixth edition, the report measures the fairness of the school finance systems in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The central purpose of the Report Card is to evaluate the extent to which state systems ensure equality of educational opportunity for all children, regardless of background, family income, where they live, or where they attend school.

  • Public Education Funding Mechanisms in Other States

    This research report from the Connecticut General Assembly's Office of Legislative Research examines funding formulas for public education used by other states, and provides several examples. The report uses research from the Education Commission of the States, a nonpartisan organization created by states to track state policy trends, translate academic research, and provide unbiased evidence about education topics. According to the Commission, there are three primary types of public education funding formulas: (1) foundation programs, (2) resource allocation systems, and (3) a hybrid of the two.

  • OLR and OFA Research Report: Education Cost Sharing Grants

    Joint research report from the Connecticut General Assembly's nonpartisan Office of Legislative Research and Office of Fiscal Analysis that provides a history of the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula and describes how it has worked.

  • PreK-12 Public Education: How Massive Underfunding Threatens Connecticut's Social and Economic Future

    In preparation for the 2016 elections, the Connecticut Conference of Municipalities issued this candidate bulletin detailing flaws in Connecticut’s school funding system and why a new formula is needed. In addition to calling for a new school funding formula, the candidate bulletin urges state policymakers to implement changes to how special education is funded.