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Funding for K-12 Education in the CARES Act

May 19, 2020

School + State Finance Project Original Content

On March 27, 2020, in response to the coronavirus pandemic, President Donald Trump signed into law the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act). The CARES Act is a $2.2 trillion package that provides emergency financial assistance to: individuals; state, local, and tribal governments; nonprofit organizations, including healthcare providers; and for-profit businesses. This policy briefing and FAQ document summarize the provisions of the CARES Act that impact elementary and secondary education in the United States, and details the $138.8 million the State of Connecticut is due to receive from the federal government in formulaic grant assistance to help the State and local educational agencies (LEAs) respond to the impact of the coronavirus pandemic.

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  • School + State Finance Project Reports
  • Education Funding (Connecticut)
  • Federal Funding - Education
  • 2020

ECS Grants for FY 2021 with Comparisons to FY 2020 Funding Levels

May 8, 2020

School + State Finance Project Original Content

This spreadsheet contains a town-by-town list of estimated Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grants for fiscal year 2021 with a comparison to FY 2020 funding levels.

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  • School + State Finance Project Reports
  • Education Cost Sharing (ECS) Formula
  • Education Funding (Connecticut)
  • 2020

Education Cost Sharing (ECS) Formula Component Comparison Tool, FY 2021

May 7, 2020

School + State Finance Project Original Content

This tool allows users to view and compare Connecticut towns based on the data used in the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula for fiscal year 2021. The ECS formula is the formula the Connecticut General Assembly has established to distribute approximately $2 billion in state education funding to Connecticut's local public school districts.

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  • School + State Finance Project Reports
  • Education Cost Sharing (ECS) Formula
  • Education Funding (Connecticut)
  • 2020

Analysis of State Education Funding in Governor's FY 2021 Recommended Budget Adjustments

Feb 7, 2020

School + State Finance Project Original Content

On Wednesday, February 5, 2020, Governor Ned Lamont introduced his recommended budget adjustments for fiscal year 2021 for the General Assembly to consider. This analysis from the School and State Finance Project details the state education funding and school finance changes contained in Governor Lamont’s recommended state budget adjustments for FY 2021, and compares the state education funding in the governor’s budget adjustments with funding for FYs 2020 and 2021 contained in the current biennial state budget.

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  • School + State Finance Project Reports
  • Education Cost Sharing (ECS) Formula
  • Education Funding (Connecticut)
  • Magnet Schools & School Choice
  • State Budget - Budget Proposals
  • 2020

Needs-Capacity Formula

Feb 19, 2020

School + State Finance Project Original Content

This one-pager from the School and State Finance Project details how Connecticut could use a needs-capacity formula to distribute non-education municipal aid to the state's cities and towns. A needs-capacity formula is based on a municipality's socioeconomic and physical characteristics and considers its costs of delivering a common level of service and its capacity to raise revenue to pay for those services. Under a needs-capacity formula, municipalities with the greatest level of fiscal disparity would receive a greater level of state funding, while municipalities with the capacity to pay for services through their own revenue raising capacities receive less or no state funding.

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  • School + State Finance Project Reports
  • Municipal Aid & Spending
  • 2020

CCJEF v. Rell (2018) (CT Supreme Court Decision)

Jan 17, 2018

In a 4-3 ruling, the Connecticut Supreme Court reversed in part, and affirmed in part, a 2016 ruling from Hartford Superior Court Judge Thomas Moukawsher focused on Connecticut's school finance system. The Supreme Court ruled the way Connecticut allocates state education dollars, and how much the State spends on public education, is constitutional and does not violate Article Eighth § 1 of the Connecticut Constitution.

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  • Court Cases
  • Education Cost Sharing (ECS) Formula
  • Education Funding (Connecticut)
  • Funding Formulas
  • 2018

Analysis of State Education Funding in Governor's FY 2021 Recommended Budget Adjustments

Feb 7, 2020

School + State Finance Project Original Content

On Wednesday, February 5, 2020, Governor Ned Lamont introduced his recommended budget adjustments for fiscal year 2021 for the General Assembly to consider. This analysis from the School and State Finance Project details the state education funding and school finance changes contained in Governor Lamont’s recommended state budget adjustments for FY 2021, and compares the state education funding in the governor’s budget adjustments with funding for FYs 2020 and 2021 contained in the current biennial state budget.

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  • School + State Finance Project Reports
  • Education Cost Sharing (ECS) Formula
  • Education Funding (Connecticut)
  • Magnet Schools & School Choice
  • State Budget - Budget Proposals
  • 2020

Sheff v. O'Neill Supreme Court Ruling and Subsequent Stipulation Agreements

Jan 10, 2020

In 1996, in a 4-3 decision, the Connecticut Supreme Court ruled the state had an affirmative obligation to provide Connecticut's school children with a substantially equal educational opportunity and that this constitutionally guaranteed right encompasses the access to a public education, which is not substantially and materially impaired by racial and ethnic isolation. The Court further concluded that school districting, based upon town and city boundary lines, is unconstitutional. As a result of the decision, the Connecticut State Legislature passed legislation in 1997 encouraging voluntary actions toward racial integration. However, since then, there have been a number stipulated agreements between the case's plaintiffs and the State of Connecticut to ensure the Connecticut Supreme Court's ruling is followed.

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  • Court Cases
  • Magnet Schools & School Choice
  • 2020
  • 2015
  • 2013
  • 2008
  • 2003
  • 1996
  • 1989

School Finance 101: An introduction to how public schools are funded in Connecticut

Dec 2, 2019

School + State Finance Project Original Content

This presentation from the School and State Finance Project examines the state's school finance system as a whole and the challenges it presents. Included in the presentation is information about Connecticut's 11 school funding formulas, the state's varying property tax rates, and the funding and population disparities among school districts across the state.

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  • School + State Finance Project Reports
  • Education Cost Sharing (ECS) Formula
  • Education Funding (Connecticut)
  • Funding Formulas
  • 2019

Needs-Capacity Formula

Feb 19, 2020

School + State Finance Project Original Content

This one-pager from the School and State Finance Project details how Connecticut could use a needs-capacity formula to distribute non-education municipal aid to the state's cities and towns. A needs-capacity formula is based on a municipality's socioeconomic and physical characteristics and considers its costs of delivering a common level of service and its capacity to raise revenue to pay for those services. Under a needs-capacity formula, municipalities with the greatest level of fiscal disparity would receive a greater level of state funding, while municipalities with the capacity to pay for services through their own revenue raising capacities receive less or no state funding.

Read More →
  • School + State Finance Project Reports
  • Municipal Aid & Spending
  • 2020