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  • Do Poor Kids Get Their Fair Share of School Funding?

    In this May 2017 report, the Urban Institute presents new data on the progressivity of school district funding, focusing on the degree to which the average low-income student attends districts that are better funded than districts the average nonpoor student attends. The report finds that many states that have progressive funding formulas on paper do not achieve this goal in practice, and that, in some states, the potential progressivity of school funding is constrained by patterns of student sorting by income.

  • Issue Brief: CCJEF v. Rell Court Decision

    This issue brief from the Connecticut General Assembly's Office of Legislative Research summarizes Connecticut Superior Court Judge Thomas Moukawsher's September 7, 2016 ruling in Connecticut Coalition for Justice in Education Funding (CCJEF) v. Rell. The issue brief details the case's history along with Judge Moukawsher's findings.

  • Issue Brief: Education Cost Sharing Grant Formula

    This issue brief from the Connecticut General Assembly's Office of Legislative Research examines the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant, its legislative history, and its basic structure.

  • Is School Funding Fair? A National Report Card

    Is School Funding Fair? A National Report Card is an annual examination of school funding fairness. Currently in its sixth edition, the report measures the fairness of the school finance systems in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The central purpose of the Report Card is to evaluate the extent to which state systems ensure equality of educational opportunity for all children, regardless of background, family income, where they live, or where they attend school.

  • Public Education Funding Mechanisms in Other States

    This research report from the Connecticut General Assembly's Office of Legislative Research examines funding formulas for public education used by other states, and provides several examples. The report uses research from the Education Commission of the States, a nonpartisan organization created by states to track state policy trends, translate academic research, and provide unbiased evidence about education topics. According to the Commission, there are three primary types of public education funding formulas: (1) foundation programs, (2) resource allocation systems, and (3) a hybrid of the two.

  • PreK-12 Public Education: How Massive Underfunding Threatens Connecticut's Social and Economic Future

    In preparation for the 2016 elections, the Connecticut Conference of Municipalities issued this candidate bulletin detailing flaws in Connecticut’s school funding system and why a new formula is needed. In addition to calling for a new school funding formula, the candidate bulletin urges state policymakers to implement changes to how special education is funded.

  • Power in Numbers - Cost-Adjusted Revenue, Resource Inequality, and Arbitrary Funding

    In its Power in Numbers series, EdBuild, a national nonprofit that works to create state school funding systems that provide equitable and adequate resources to students and their communities, focuses on the inequities brought about by convoluted state funding systems.

  • EdSight: Insight into Education

    EdSight is an interactive website from the Connecticut State Department of Education that serves as a data portal for information pertaining to the state's public schools and their students. School and district data and information is available on a variety of topics including school finance, special education, staffing levels, and school enrollment.

  • School Finance Reform and the Distribution of Student Achievement

    This working paper studies the impacts of post-1990 school finance reforms on gaps in spending and achievement between high-income and low-income school districts. The working paper finds reform events–court orders and legislative reforms–led to sharp, immediate, and sustained increases in absolute and relative spending in low-income school districts. Using representative samples from the National Assessment of Educational Progress, the paper also finds reforms caused gradual increases in the relative achievement of students in low-income school districts.

  • Most States Have Cut School Funding, and Some Continue Cutting

    In a survey of state budget documents, the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities found most states provide less support per student for elementary and secondary schools than before the Great Recession. The survey also found some states have continued cutting funding eight years after the recession took hold.