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  • How has education funding changed over time?

    This feature article from the Urban Institute allows users to explore how local, state, and federal education funding have changed over the past two decades. The tool looks at the "level of school district funding over time and at the changes in funding progressivity, or how much more is spent on educating low-income students relative to nonpoor students." In its analysis, the Urban Institute found that "[t]hough education funding has generally increased since the 1990s, overall progressivity has largely been flat, and states vary widely in how much money they spend on education and how they distribute that money."

  • School Funding: Do Poor Kids Get Their Fair Share?

    This feature article from the Urban Institute examines how states are using school finance formulas to allocate additional state dollars to low-income students who research has shown need additional resources to learn at similar levels to their non-need peers. The Urban Institute feature asks the question "Where is education funding progressive?" and looks at state, local, and federal funding to determine whether or not a state's school finance system is progressive, meaning most of the state's education aid is going to low-income students. This question is expanded upon in an Urban Institute brief from May 2017 titled Do Poor Kids Get Their Fair Share of School Funding?

  • Do Poor Kids Get Their Fair Share of School Funding?

    In this May 2017 report, the Urban Institute presents new data on the progressivity of school district funding, focusing on the degree to which the average low-income student attends districts that are better funded than districts the average nonpoor student attends. The report finds that many states that have progressive funding formulas on paper do not achieve this goal in practice, and that, in some states, the potential progressivity of school funding is constrained by patterns of student sorting by income.

  • Issue Brief: CCJEF v. Rell Court Decision

    This issue brief from the Connecticut General Assembly's Office of Legislative Research summarizes Connecticut Superior Court Judge Thomas Moukawsher's September 7, 2016 ruling in Connecticut Coalition for Justice in Education Funding (CCJEF) v. Rell. The issue brief details the case's history along with Judge Moukawsher's findings.

  • Issue Brief: Education Cost Sharing Grant Formula

    This issue brief from the Connecticut General Assembly's Office of Legislative Research examines the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant, its legislative history, and its basic structure.

  • Public Education Funding Mechanisms in Other States

    This research report from the Connecticut General Assembly's Office of Legislative Research examines funding formulas for public education used by other states, and provides several examples. The report uses research from the Education Commission of the States, a nonpartisan organization created by states to track state policy trends, translate academic research, and provide unbiased evidence about education topics. According to the Commission, there are three primary types of public education funding formulas: (1) foundation programs, (2) resource allocation systems, and (3) a hybrid of the two.

  • OLR and OFA Research Report: Education Cost Sharing Grants

    Joint research report from the Connecticut General Assembly's nonpartisan Office of Legislative Research and Office of Fiscal Analysis that provides a history of the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula and describes how it has worked.

  • PreK-12 Public Education: How Massive Underfunding Threatens Connecticut's Social and Economic Future

    In preparation for the 2016 elections, the Connecticut Conference of Municipalities issued this candidate bulletin detailing flaws in Connecticut’s school funding system and why a new formula is needed. In addition to calling for a new school funding formula, the candidate bulletin urges state policymakers to implement changes to how special education is funded.

  • CCJEF v. Rell (2016), Moukawsher Superior Court Ruling

    Hartford Superior Court Judge Thomas Moukawsher ruled partially in favor of the Connecticut Coalition for Justice in Education Funding in a lengthy, wide-reaching decision regarding Connecticut's school finance system. Judge Moukawsher found several parts of Connecticut's education system, including how the State distributes education aid, and gave the State 180 days to submit proposed changes to address the parts of Connecticut's education system that he found unconstitutional.

  • Dividing Lines - Gated School Districts

    There are over 14,000 school districts across the country. According to this report from EdBuild, many of the 35,000 borders that divide these districts contribute to increasing economic segregation and create barriers to opportunity that is sometimes just out of reach. This occurs in large part because between 40-60 percent of schools’ fortunes depend on property values in the neighborhoods that surround them. According to the report, this reality creates incentives for wealthy areas to wall themselves off from their needy neighbors, keeping their property wealth for their own children’s schools and leaving other communities to fend for themselves. This report highlights examples of these divisions and so-called "island" districts, which are entirely encircled by another district and create barriers to opportunity.