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At just over 5,500 square miles, Connecticut is the third smallest state in the country. Despite its small size, however, the state is divided into 169 towns, which are largely separated by race and wealth. This division among race and class is the result of decades of discriminatory policies and prejudicial practices, such as exclusionary zoning that prevents the construction of affordable housing, and "redlining," which barred Black people and other minority groups from owning certain property in predominantly white neighborhoods and new housing developments.

The institutional and systemic racism behind these policies has not only led to a deeply segregated state, it has also played a critical role in how Connecticut funds education and why the state's school districts are largely segregated.


Refers to the income level earned by a given household where half of the homes in the city or town earn more and half earn less

Town Segregation

Segregation in Connecticut's public schools begins with segregation among Connecticut's towns. As seen in the map below, this segregation is evident along city and town lines.

For example, Hartford — with a Median Household Income (MHI) of $34,000 and resident population that is over 85% Black, Indigenous, People of Color (BIPOC) — borders a town like West Hartford, which has a MHI over $99,000 and a population that is nearly 75% white.

Use the visualization below to see how Connecticut is segregated by race and income. Hover over a city or town on the map to view its specific data and information for the selected metric. To search for a city or town on the map, click on the magnifying glass below the map legend.

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