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  • Student Counts in Connecticut

    In Connecticut, there are several different methods for counting public school students in towns, schools, and school districts. Each method uses a different set of rules, and is used for different purposes. This one-pager details these different student counts and how each is used.

  • Low-Performing School District Interventions in Massachusetts and Connecticut

    This policy briefing discusses the authority of the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education and the Connecticut State Department of Education to intervene in low-performing public schools and districts in their respective states.

  • Updating How Connecticut Counts Low-income Students

    This one-pager concerns challenges with continuing to use eligibility for free and reduced price lunch (FRPL) as a proxy for counting low-income students as part of Connecticut's Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula. Additionally, this one-pager explains using direct certification as a replacement for FRPL for the purposes of the ECS formula.

  • School Finance 101: An introduction to how public schools are funded in Connecticut

    This presentation from the Connecticut School Finance Project examines the state's school finance system as a whole and the challenges it presents. Included in the presentation is information about Connecticut's 11 school funding formulas, the state's varying property tax rates, and the funding and population disparities among school districts across the state.

  • Review of the Research on District & School Consolidation

    This literature review examines the academic research related to school district consolidation and school consolidation and looks at the financial and academic costs and benefits associated with district or school consolidation. Included in this review are 40 articles related to school district size, consolidation, and other types of school district regionalization, and 18 articles related to school consolidation, school size, and school closure.

  • Analysis of State Education Funding Changes in Governor Lamont's Proposed Biennial Budget for FYs 2020 and 2021

    On Wednesday, February 20, 2019, Governor Ned Lamont presented his biennial state budget proposal for fiscal years 2020 and 2021 to the Connecticut General Assembly. Included in this budget proposal were several changes to state education funding, including changes to funding levels for the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant, schools of choice, and other education grants. The Connecticut School Finance Project has prepared two documents that offer a brief overview of the state education funding contained in the governor’s biennial budget proposal.

  • Education Cost Sharing (ECS) Formula (INFOGRAPHIC)

    The Education Cost Sharing (ECS) formula is the method the State of Connecticut has established to distribute approximately $2 billion in state education funding to local public school districts. In October 2017, the Connecticut General Assembly passed a new ECS formula as part of the state's biennial budget. This infographic provides a look into the various components of the new formula that is now being implemented.

  • FAQs: Minimum Budget Requirement

    This frequently asked questions document discusses Connecticut’s minimum budget requirement (MBR), which prohibits a town from budgeting less for education than it did in the previous year unless it meets specific exceptions. While the statute was modified in the fall of 2017 to provide greater flexibility for towns to reduce their education expenses under certain scenarios, recent disagreements between boards of education and municipalities highlight the need to revisit this issue.

  • Introduction to Charter Schools in Connecticut

    This policy briefing provides an overview of charter schools in Connecticut, including the background and history of Connecticut's charter schools, the state oversight and regulations for charter schools, and the distribution of state education dollars to charter schools.

  • FAQs: Fiscally Independent School Districts

    This frequently asked questions document discusses fiscally independent school districts and the structural differences between school districts that are fiscally independent and those, like the vast majority of Connecticut's school districts, that are fiscally dependent.